Lua basic grammar
Lua learning is very simple, we can first create a Lua program!
First Lua program
Lua provides an interactive programming mode. We can enter the program at the command line and see the effects immediately.
Lua interactive programming mode by command or lua lua -i to enable it:
$ lua -i $ Lua 5.3.0 Copyright (C) 1994-2015 Lua.org, PUC-Rio >
At the command line, enter the following command:
> print("Hello World！")
Then we press the Enter key, the output results are as follows:
> print("Hello World！") Hello World！ >
We can keep the Lua code to a lua files ending, and execute the script programming mode is called, as we have the following code is stored in a script file named hello.lua in:
print("Hello World！") print("www.w3cschool.cc")
Use lua executive script above, the output is:
$ lua test.lua Hello World！ www.w3cschool.cc
We can also change the code to the following form to execute the script (add at the beginning: # / usr / local / bin / lua!):
#!/usr/local/bin/lua print("Hello World！") print("www.w3cschool.cc")
The above code, we specify the Lua interpreter / usr / local / bin directory. With the # mark interpreter ignores it. Next we add executable permission to the script, and execute:
./test.lua Hello World！ www.w3cschool.cc
Minus two is a single line comment:
--[[ 多行注释 多行注释 --]]
Lua represents character is used to define a variable, user-defined function to get other items. Identifier with a letter from A to Z or a to z or an underscore _ after adding zero or more letters, underscores, numbers (0-9).
Best not to use underscores to increase letters identifier, because Lua reserved words is the same.
Lua is not allowed to use special characters such as @, $, and% defined identifier. Lua is a case-sensitive programming language. Thus Lua in W3c with w3c are two different identifiers. Here are some correct identifier:
mohd zara abc move_name a_123 myname50 _temp j a23b9 retVal
Following is a list of reserved keywords Lua. Keywords can not be reserved as a constant or variable or other user-defined identifier:
The general convention, begins with an underscore the connection string of uppercase letters the names (such as _VERSION) is reserved for internal Lua global variables.
By default, variables are always considered to be global.
Global variables need not be declared, after assignment to a variable created this global variable to access a non-initialized global variables are not wrong, just the results obtained are: nil.
> print(b) nil > b=10 > print(b) 10 >
If you want to delete a global variable, simply assign values to variables is nil.
b = nil print(b) --> nil
So that the variable b as if never been used before. In other words, if and only if a variable is not equal to nil, this variable that is present.