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JS function

JavaScript Function definition JavaScript Function parameter JavaScript Function call JavaScript Closure


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JS Advanced Tutorial

JavaScript Object JavaScript Number JavaScript String JavaScript Date JavaScript Array JavaScript Boolean JavaScript Math JavaScript RegExp Object

JS Browser BOM

JavaScript Window JavaScript Window Screen JavaScript Window Location JavaScript Window History JavaScript Navigator JavaScript Pop-ups JavaScript Timing events JavaScript Cookies

JS Library

JavaScript Library JavaScript test jQuery JavaScript test Prototype

JS Examples

JavaScript Examples JavaScript Object instance JavaScript Browser object instance JavaScript HTML DOM Examples JavaScript to sum up

JS Reference Manual

JavaScript Object HTML DOM Object

JavaScript data types

String (String), digital (Number), boolean (Boolean), array (Array), objects (Object), empty (Null), Undefined (Undefined).

JavaScript has a dynamic type

JavaScript has a dynamic type. This means that the same variables used for various types of:


var x; // x 为 undefined
var x = 5; // 现在 x 为数字
var x = "John"; // 现在 x 为字符串

JavaScript strings

The character string is stored (eg "Bill Gates") variables.

String can be quoted in any text. You can use single or double quotes:


var carname="Volvo XC60";
var carname='Volvo XC60';

You can use quotation marks in the string, as long as the match is not surrounded by quotation marks to the string:


var answer="It's alright";
var answer="He is called 'Johnny'";
var answer='He is called "Johnny"';

try it"

You will learn more about the string of knowledge in the advanced section of the tutorial.

JavaScript numbers

JavaScript is only one numeric type. Decimal point numbers can be without:


var x1=34.00; //使用小数点来写
var x2=34; // //不使用小数点来写

Large or very small numbers through scientific (exponential) notation to write:


var y=123e5; // 12300000
var z=123e-5; // 0.00123

try it"

You will learn more about digital knowledge in the advanced section of the tutorial.

JavaScript Boolean

Boolean (logic) can have only two values: true or false.

var x=true;
var y=false;

Boolean conditions commonly used in the test. You will be in a later section of this tutorial learn more about the conditions tested.

JavaScript array

The following code creates the array named cars:

var cars=new Array();

Or (condensed array):

var cars=new Array("Saab","Volvo","BMW");

Or (literal array):


var cars=["Saab","Volvo","BMW"];

try it"

Array index is zero-based, so the first item is [0], the second is [1], and so on.

You will be in a later section of this tutorial learn more about the array.

JavaScript Object

Objects are separated by braces. Within parentheses, property of the object name and value pairs (name: value) is defined. Property separated by commas:

var person={firstname:"John", lastname:"Doe", id:5566};

In the example above the object (person) has three attributes: firstname, lastname and id.

Spaces and wrap irrelevant. Statement may span multiple lines:

var person={
firstname : "John",
lastname : "Doe",
id : 5566

Addressing object properties in two ways:



try it"

You will be in a later section of this tutorial learn more about the object of knowledge.

Undefined and Null

Undefined This value represents the variable does not contain a value.

You can set the value of the variable to null to clear the variables.



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Declare variable types

When you declare a new variable, you can use the keyword "new" to declare its type:

var carname=new String;
var x= new Number;
var y= new Boolean;
var cars= new Array;
var person= new Object;

lamp JavaScript variables are objects. When you declare a variable, a new object is created.